Single-origin coffee is coffee grown within a single known geographic origin. Sometimes this is a single farm, or a specific collection of beans from a single country. The name of the coffee is then usually the place it was grown to the narrowest degree available.
What sets a single origin coffee bean apart from the rest of the blends is that the coffee was very likely grown in specific conditions, such as Estate grown (also referred to as a Micro-Lot or Single Farm) and should have specific regional characteristics. Similar to wine grapes, many factors contribute to the taste of a single origin coffee: the soil itâ€™s grown in, the altitude of the farm, the farming method used, the varietal of coffee tree, climate conditions, etc. Compared to a blend, a single origin coffee should be more true to its origin and the type of coffee bean and show flavor nuances characteristic of where it was grown.
But, that does not mean that all coffee labeled single origin is created equal. Is it a single farm, single region or single country they are referring to? This can make a big difference when the country is the size of Brazil and it could be a blend of many types of coffee from many different farms spread across different regions within the country versus grown by the same farmers and the same coffee trees in the same spot year after year. Therefore there is large definition and difference of opinion on what â€śsingle-originâ€ť actually encompasses.
Here at the Human Bean, if we label one of our coffee beans as single origin, it means it was grown in one region at one farm and most likely by a long standing coffee farmer that we have traveled to meet and have tasted the coffee and appreciated the flavors of their region and farm. As part of our Farm Friendly Direct program we aim to support individual coffee growers and communities and want to be as socially responsible and honest in our coffee labeling as possible. We have several single origin blends you can purchase online from a variety of countries including: Costa Rica, Guatemala, Papa New Guinea, Mexico & Honduras at https://thehumanbean.com/single-origin/ and we would love to tell you the story of where they were grown and what they each taste like although that is something you should experience for yourself!
Costa Rica: Floral, Fruity, Balanced – This coffee begins with sweet floral aromas with subtle undertones of pipe tobacco. A medium body containing notes of sweet cocoa and graham crackers. The quick finish is a perfect expression of this great example of Costa Rican coffees. Grown in the Naranjo region in the West Valley of Costa Rica between 4000 – 5200 feet.
Guatemala: Nutty, Smooth, Complex – Direct from the Finca El Paternal farm, this delicious single origin coffee begins with the fruity aroma of cherries and apples, with just a mild hint of vanilla. The well balanced flavor combines a full body with sweet undertones of chocolate. Finishing with a smooth creamy taste, this coffee may just become your new favorite. Featured on Morning Edition on NPR! Grown in the Huehuetenago region of Western Guatemala
Papua New Guinea: Full, Citrus, & Lively Flavors – Delicious creamy body with stone, fruit and spice on the nose and apricot and pineapple flavors with mild acidity. Persimmon and cherry sweetness perfectly balanced with a mild earthiness. These beautiful green beans are grown and delicately harvested in Papua New Guinea’s Western Highland at altitudes of 1600-1800 meters.
Mexico: Even, Spicy, Rousing – This is a very well balanced Organic Mexican coffee. Starting with a spiced honey aroma, this coffee tastes of chocolate and light citrus with a smooth. A velvety body and a creamy finish makes this organic coffee really something special. From the Mixteca Alta del Pacifico Co-op in the Oaxaca region, Available in limited quantities while supplies last. Grown at 4000 – 5200 feet.
Honduras: Luscious, Caramel, Delicate â€“ This well balanced organic coffee combines floral hints with brown sugar and caramel, and finishes with a hint of coffee pulp. Grown in the Copan region in western Honduras. While this is often a blend base, this one totally stands alone.